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1800: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (74)1801: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (76)1802: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (77)1803: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (80)1804: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (78)1805: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (78)1806: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (78)1807: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (82)1808: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (79)1809: Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders (79)Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders
1800: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (71)1801: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (73)1802: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (74)1803: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (77)1804: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (75)1805: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (75)1806: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (76)1807: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (80)1808: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (77)1809: Wars, Battles and Conflicts (77)Wars, Battles and Conflicts
1800: Armed Forces (52)1801: Armed Forces (53)1802: Armed Forces (54)1803: Armed Forces (55)1804: Armed Forces (55)1805: Armed Forces (55)1806: Armed Forces (55)1807: Armed Forces (58)1808: Armed Forces (57)1809: Armed Forces (57)Armed Forces
1800: Strategy and Tactics (8)1801: Strategy and Tactics (8)1802: Strategy and Tactics (8)1803: Strategy and Tactics (8)1804: Strategy and Tactics (8)1805: Strategy and Tactics (8)1806: Strategy and Tactics (8)1807: Strategy and Tactics (8)1808: Strategy and Tactics (8)1809: Strategy and Tactics (8)Strategy and Tactics
1800: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (46)1801: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (47)1802: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (46)1803: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (46)1804: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (46)1805: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (47)1806: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (48)1807: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (48)1808: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (48)1809: Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications (48)Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications
 
 

Date > 1800 > 1800-1809

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Type: Document
Description: After the conquest, a new Canada slowly took shape. The Canadian militia returned to their villages and farms. 500 French soldiers, married to Canadian women, were allowed to stay. 3000 British troops remained in Quebec. Bigot was put in the Bastille for corruption, and died in exile in 1778. Governor Vaudreuil was arrested for his role in the colony's loss. General James Wolfe became a virtual industry in death, as biographies, ballads, epic poems, and paintings of him abounded. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.
Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
 
 
Type: Document
Description: Canada's English-speaking population grew significantly when American Loyalists flooded northward after America's independence in 1783. As a result, New Brunswick was created in 1784 and the division of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada (now Ontario and Quebec) occurred in 1791.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document Image
Description: Miniature portrait of an unidentified officer attributed to Frederick Buck. Includes access to descriptive archival record for the artwork.
Site: Library and Archives Canada
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: Also in 1697, the British colony in Newfoundland began a long period where its governor would be the commander of the British Royal Navy squadron in local waters. This pattern of military government was not unusual - a similar military government was in place in Nova Scotia.
Site: National Defence
 
Title: Housing
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: British army barracks during the 18th and 19th centuries were laid out like crowded dormitories. Each room housed a company (50-100 men) plus any wives. Beds or bunks ran along the sides, with tables and benches down the centre. In Canada, a cast-iron stove heated the room.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: Before 1854, the British army was governed by a complex series of overlapping bodies. Horse Guards (army headquarters) controlled most troops, but the civil Treasury ministry handled supplies, transportation and (in Canada) barracks through the Commissariat Department.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Image
Online Reference Books
Description: The tradition of raising the May pole in front of the Militia captain's house, which began in the era of New France, went on in French Canada until the middle of the 19th century.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Image
Online Reference Books
Description: This garment is one of the earliest surviving uniforms known to exist in Canada. It is red with dark blue collar, cuffs and wings, white lace ornamenting the buttonholes and pewter regimental buttons. The Royal Nova Scotia Regiment was raised in Nova Scotia in 1793 and was disbanded in 1802. It served on garrison duty in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. It wore this style of uniform from about 1798. (Halifax Army Museum, Halifax Citadel)
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Image
Online Reference Books
Description: The dress of British sailors of the early 19th century could have endless variations and embelishments. For instance, some trimmed their blue jackets with white tape at the seams and edges; others had many small brass buttons sewed closely together; the white trousers often had blue stripes; the black tarred hats were sometimes painted with devices or the ship's name painted in white on a black hat ribbon. Shirts could come in blue-striped or checkered versions as well as plain white, red or blue or even white with red or blue spots.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Image
Online Reference Books
Description: Fort St Joseph was built in the late 1790s to ensure British access to lakes Huron and Superior. In 1812, it was the base for the successful attack on the American Fort Michilimackinac on Mackinac Island, Michigan. This capture led to the Anglo-Canadian control of much of the Northwest during the war. The large building in the centre of the fort is a blockhouse, built in 1797. Other structures included a guardhouse, kitchen, storehouse, powder magazine, bakehouse, and blacksmith shop. The whole complex was surrounded by a wooden palisade with four bastions.
Site: National Defence
 
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