Pacific Coast Militia Rangers
Volunteer force recruited from woodsmen, lumberjacks and fisherman to act as surveillance for the Canadian west coast in response to the Japanese attach on Pearl Harbour. The rangers were mustered into companies and scattered the length of British Columbia's coast. The concept was hugely successful as, between March and July 1942, some 10,000 men volunteered. By 1945, there were 15,000 men. These were mostly older men who were fit and familiar with their assigned area. They formed their own local companies, elected officers and NCO's and were unpaid. The ranger companies assembled evenings and weekends to learn guerrilla tactics, and there was very little drill. It was understood they could be instantly mobilised at a momentís notice. Later in the war, they were tasked with spotting and neutralizing the many Japanese balloons bombs that landed in British Columbia. The Pacific Coast Militia Rangers were disbanded in October 1945, following the surrender of Japan.
Wooden wall made of pales (pointed pieces of wood), used in fortifications. In Canada, nearly all the early forts had walls made of wooden logs planted into the ground to make a palisade (sometimes also called a stockade).