Description: At the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, the Allied leaders determined that, after they had gained all of North Africa, the next operation would be in the Mediterranean. The aim was to force Italy out of the war. The Germans formed a number of defensive lines across the peninsula, which the Allies were only able to capture at considerable cost. The Canadians played a leading part in the breaking of the Gothic Line north of Florence. In all, 92,757 Canadian soldiers served in the Italian theatre and a quarter of these became casualties.