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Subject > Strategy and Tactics > Special Operations

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Type: Document Image
Description: At the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, the Allied leaders determined that, after they had gained all of North Africa, the next operation would be in the Mediterranean. The aim was to force Italy out of the war. The Germans formed a number of defensive lines across the peninsula, which the Allies were only able to capture at considerable cost. The Canadians played a leading part in the breaking of the Gothic Line north of Florence. In all, 92,757 Canadian soldiers served in the Italian theatre and a quarter of these became casualties.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document
Description: After the German occupation of Poland, nothing much happened for month after month. War did not seem like war. A "phoney war," the British called it. But in the spring of 1940 Hitler's forces struck again, and by June he held Europe in his grasp. Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, France and Belgium all fell quickly to German forces.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document Image
Description: The Second World War was fought over vast distances, with airpower and technology playing crucial parts. Both sides tried to avoid the stalemates of the First World War, and usually succeeded. This resource provides an index of World War II battles.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document Image
Description: The North West Europe Campaign came in response to Stalin's demands that the allies open a "Second Front" in western Europe to relieve pressure on his Eastern Front. Canadian soldiers were once again ready to contribute to the battle and Canadian newspapers were there to cover the push to Germany.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: The governors of the American colonies responded by building and garrisoning forts on their borders. The French raids continued, and an attempt to organize an expedition against Canada led by New York collapsed in failure near Albany.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: An essential part of the Canadian tactical system was the 'voyageur' - a type of militiaman responsible for transporting goods rather than fighting. Canoes carried supplies for hundreds of men during journeys of up to several months.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Description: This report deals with the participation of a Canadian detachment in the combined operation known by the code name "ABERCROMBIE", a "small reconnaissance raid", which took place on the coast of Occupied France south of Boulogne on April 22, 1942.
Requires Adobe Reader, download here
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: Officers were responsible for supervising and leading their men. Their lives were very different from the common soldiers', but relations between the ranks were usually good, in part because of the nature of warfare in New France.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Description: The Dieppe raid was the first large operation of the Canadian Army Overseas in World War Two. This article was written to be published a year after the battle. It presents the story of the operation, so far as it could be published without giving the enemy information which could be used at a later date. The author had access to documents relating to the raid, and interviewed many of the men who took part in it.
Requires Adobe Reader, download here
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville (1661-1706), son of tactician Charles Le Moyne, was perhaps the greatest soldier New France ever produced. Between 1686 and 1706 he established himself as a master commander both on land and at sea. Also an explorer, he founded the first permanent settlement in Louisiana.
Site: National Defence
 
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