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Subject > Strategy and Tactics > Special Operations

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Type: Document
Description: After the German occupation of Poland, nothing much happened for month after month. War did not seem like war. A "phoney war," the British called it. But in the spring of 1940 Hitler's forces struck again, and by June he held Europe in his grasp. Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, France and Belgium all fell quickly to German forces.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document Image
Description: The North West Europe Campaign came in response to Stalin's demands that the allies open a "Second Front" in western Europe to relieve pressure on his Eastern Front. Canadian soldiers were once again ready to contribute to the battle and Canadian newspapers were there to cover the push to Germany.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document Image
Description: The Second World War was fought over vast distances, with airpower and technology playing crucial parts. Both sides tried to avoid the stalemates of the First World War, and usually succeeded. This resource provides an index of World War II battles.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document Image
Description: At the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, the Allied leaders determined that, after they had gained all of North Africa, the next operation would be in the Mediterranean. The aim was to force Italy out of the war. The Germans formed a number of defensive lines across the peninsula, which the Allies were only able to capture at considerable cost. The Canadians played a leading part in the breaking of the Gothic Line north of Florence. In all, 92,757 Canadian soldiers served in the Italian theatre and a quarter of these became casualties.
Site: Canadian War Museum
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: When Spain entered the war in 1779, the Spanish colony of Louisiana became a threat to the British territory south of the Great Lakes. British raids against Spanish-held forts failed, while the Spanish successfully took Fort St. Joseph on Lake Michigan.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Description: This very descriptive report tells of the Canadian force that was sent to this Norwegian island. The details of the operation, movements of units, references to a personal diary kept by Captain Perry Hall, and a short history of the relationship between Canada and Spitsbergen are included. Canada was offered the honour of providing the major part of the military force for this operation from her army in the United Kingdom.
Requires Adobe Reader, download here
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: The start of 1756 in North America saw a situation little changed from the previous year. Britain sent reinforcements and raised troops in her American colonies while the French raided and destroyed Fort Bull to restore Amerindian alliances shaken by Dieskau's disaster.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Image
Online Reference Books
Description: French soldiers and 120 Canadian militiamen led by Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville and Governor de Brouillan of Placentia raided the English part of Newfoundland between October 1696 and May 1697. The campaign was an outstanding military success, crippled the English colony. The French and Canadian forceds took over 700 prisoners and causing some 200 casualties while suffering trifling losses.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Document
Online Reference Books
Description: American plans called for the recapture of Fort Mackinac in 1814. An attack was defeated by a British ambush in August. The Americans were able to destroy the famous British ship Nancy shortly thereafter, but lost two ships of their own on Lake Huron in September.
Site: National Defence
 
 
Type: Image
Online Reference Books
Description: Butler's Rangers were uniformed in green, with red facings. This man, dressed for campaigning, wears his lapels buttoned over. There is record of a leather cap worn by the unit, but reconstruction shows an unofficial substitute - a kerchief. There is also some information that Butler's men wore green smocks on some occasions. All in all, this famous (or infamous) regiment must have presented a very mixed appearence in the field. Reconstruction by G. A. Embleton. (Parks Canada)
Site: National Defence
 
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